ecología urbana

Urban ecology and other concepts related to ecology

In order for you to learn much more about urban ecology and ecology in general, it is important that you know some of the most important and relevant concepts of this part of biology and thus you will be able to better understand a concept that has been gaining strength throughout the world in recent years. years.

Most important concepts related to ecology and urban ecology



Ecology and ecosystems are two concepts that are closely related and that you will almost always find together. This is simply because ecology is known by many experts as “the biology of ecosystems”.

An ecosystem is simply a community in which both living beings participate and a physical space in which such living beings carry out their activities.


One of the most important questions in ecology is what is community and we are going to answer it next.


The community for ecology is simply a set of species (two or more) that are in the same geographical space and that share that space for each species to make its life.

Urban ecology

Urban ecology is known as a branch of ecology whose main objective is to study how human beings can relate to any urban space in which they can be found.

This area studies things as important as the impact of the urban area against the environment, how structures behave and many other things.

Why are these studies done? The studies of urban ecology are carried out to find ways to respect the environment and even to convert the society that is in that organism into a more sustainable society.


Synecology is a very interesting concept and it consists of the study of an environmental medium individually with the aim of understanding the relationship that may exist between each of the life forms found in that environment.

Cultural ecology

When we speak of cultural ecology, we refer to a form of study that goes a little further than just looking at what relates to a society and the environment in which this society finds itself at a given time.

Cultural ecology studies how that society behaves and how they face the problems that may arise and how much respect they have for the ecosystem that helps them for their way of life.

Microbial ecology

As its name clearly indicates, microbial ecology is responsible for studying these small organisms and what their behavior is in their natural form, in the environment in which they feel comfortable.

One of the main objectives of this branch of ecology is to understand what is the true role of these microorganisms in life, in nature and in the environment in which they move.

Community ecology


Community ecology is one of the most complex branches that seeks to study how any type of matter or living organism is organized in a community and how it behaves in the environment or ecosystem in which it lives.

Functional ecology

Functional ecology is known as that branch of ecology that seeks to understand what part or objective each species has in a specific community and in an ecosystem in which several species coexist.


For example, functional ecology is responsible for studying the pollination of bees in an environment and what function this species has in that environment.

Plant ecology

What is the main study of plant ecology? The understanding of why plants are distributed in a certain way and their abundance in different spaces and terrains.

It is one of the most complicated branches to study and work on, and its field of study is really extensive, since it can range from small organisms and plants to large trees.

Applied ecology

On the other hand we have applied ecology, a branch of ecology that seeks to take all the knowledge of this science and try to apply it to treat any type of problem that arises in the environment, society and different environments.

 applied ecology

It is, as its name indicates, a branch of ecology that seeks to take the concepts and studies carried out to plan and intervene and solve problems of different ecosystems in which problems that human beings have caused are known.

Aquatic ecology

The name of this branch of ecology gives us a good idea of ​​what it deals with and what its branch of study is.

And it is that, indeed, aquatic ecology is responsible for studying how the different species and components that are part of one of the largest ecosystems on our planet are integrated and how they interact: the aquatic ecosystem.

Understanding how the aquatic ecosystem works is key to being able to find that way that the impact that human beings have on this ecosystem is as small as possible, let us remember that human beings need water to live, for planting and for almost all aspects of our life.

Forest ecology

Forest ecology seeks to look from a more scientific point of view at all kinds of interaction that may exist between some patterns and characteristics of forests as organisms.

Within the forest ecosystem, not only trees and plants are part of it, but also other forms of life such as animals and microorganisms that participate as part of the environment and change the factors of the ecosystem.

Animal ecology

Its name gives us a clue about what animal ecology is about, and it is that it is effectively in charge of studying how animal populations behave and what type of interactions can exist between different communities and also between animals and the environment in which they are found.

Clearly there is much more that you can learn about each of these interesting concepts of ecology, but knowing a little more about them is an entrance to the interesting world of this branch of biology that is so important for the correct understanding and development of our life and the life of all beings that are part of our planet.

If you liked this article, you may also be interested in another one that we have with complete information on ecology, you will be able to clarify your doubts and delve much deeper into this wonderful world!

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