Top 20 most common edible plants and their uses

Today we will announce the 20 most used edible plants in our environment, either for their medicinal properties or because they are excellent allies in the kitchen.

We hope you can begin to enjoy its flavors and benefits of healing our body by feeding them naturally.

Top 20 edible plants

As we mentioned in our first article on edible plants, they are used by humans for food and can be classified into vegetables, fruits, grains, cereals and roots.

We will have a list of 20 edible plants that will have the names of edible plants with some images of edible plants to make their identification and main benefits easier.




It is a plant native to Asia, whose leaves and stems are regularly consumed in soups or salads. This plant has potassium, iron, beta carotene, mineral salts and calcium.

Auyama or pumpkin

auyama o calabaza

Fruit of a fast-growing creeping plant. It is a very popular crop in the field. Its seeds are a source of protein, minerals, vitamins and fatty acids such as omega 3. The pumpkin contains few calories, is rich in fiber, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals. In addition, it does not contain fat or cholesterol.

It is recommended for weight and cholesterol control. It also contains high levels of vitamin A, required by the body to keep the skin in good condition.



They have a high content of potassium, sodium, essential oils, vitamins C, B1, B2, and B6 that give it sedative properties and favor eyesight, strengthen bones and promote hair growth, and have diuretic properties. In external use, it is used to wash wounds and promote healing. Its use as a drink for pre and menstrual pain is very common.



It is a good source of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals that help prevent urinary tract infections, gallstones, and macular degeneration. Reduces the carcinogenic effects of cigarettes.




Son fuentes muy importantes de almidón, energía y fibra por lo cual ayudan con problemas de estreñimiento. Además son ricos en vitamina C que ayuda al cuerpo a ser más resistente contra enfermedades infecciosas.



It is a food rich in vitamin E, manganese, riboflavin or vitamin B2, biotin, copper, phosphorus and magnesium. They are used to treat stomach problems, respiratory problems, anemia, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.



Due to its high content of vitamin C, it helps to improve respiratory disorders, reduce fever by stimulating perspiration in the body. It can help reduce internal bleeding as it has antiseptic and coagulant properties. It is a natural diuretic.



Avocado is a super food rich in nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Contains monounsaturated fatty acids and little sugar, calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, copper, manganese, phosphorus and zinc, also minerals such as vitamin C, B-6, B-12, A, D, K, E, thiamin, riboflavin and niacin.

Avocados help control weight, protect against cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, help in the treatment of osteoarthritis, and improve the absorption of nutrients for the human body. In addition, they are an excellent source of energy.




The most common are round and beige but they also exist in other colors red, green and black. They are high in protein and fiber, they also contain potassium, vitamin A, potassium, vitamin C, iron, sodium, vitamin B6, magnesium, vitamin K, phosphorus, zinc, copper, manganese and selenium.

They are excellent with the control of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, the care of bone structure, the absorption of fat and the reduction of chronic inflammation.


They are high in fiber and complex carbohydrates, so they burn calories slowly and increase energy. It is a very good source of protein, iron which helps with the transport of oxygen in the body.


It is a common pea with a very good source of vitamin C, protein and soluble and insoluble fiber. Helps eliminate harmful free radicals and protects the body against infectious agents. Pea pods are a good source of folic acid.


This pea helps reduce the risk of pancreatic cancer, helps balance blood sugar and prevent type 2 diabetes, thanks to its high content of soluble fibers. It is also high in vitamin A and vitamin B9.




This cereal is common as a great food in breads, soups, etc. It is composed of starch, vitamins: A, B and D, proteins and mineral salts.

It is used to improve constipation and thanks to its gramine content, it is used to combat addictions to tobacco, opium and marijuana and also to help with physical, intellectual and sexual fatigue.


Barley is considered the fifth most cultivated cereal on the planet. With the ground grains, which are the edible part, flour for bakery is produced, and it is also used in soups and stews. They can also be consumed sprouted and their use is traditional in the production of all kinds of craft and industrial beers.


This cereal provides quick and instant energy, helps stabilize blood sugar levels, improve digestive processes, slow down aging, and provides an important source of vitamin B1.


It is a good source of antioxidant carotenoids that stimulate eye health, help control diabetes, reduce hypertension and prevent cardiovascular disease.




Native to the Andes. It contains mostly water and oligofructans. Its root has a high content of inulin, which makes it suitable for consumption by everyone and especially by diabetics. It is used as a natural sweetener.

Its flavor is similar to a simple apple, it is delicious in salads.



It is a very important tuber as a source of carbohydrates and calories. Its starch is gluten-free, which is why it is recommended for people with celiac disease, because it is rich in potassium, it helps regulate blood pressure and heart rate.



Por su alto contenido de vitamina C, ayuda a fortalecer el sistema inmunológico. Por su contenido de vitamina A y betacaroteno ayudan a la degeneración macular y la ceguera nocturna, también ayuda a regular los niveles de azúcar en la sangre gracias al potasio que contiene.



They are tubers made up mostly of carbohydrates and some protein and fiber. They are beneficial for lowering blood pressure and preventing cardiovascular diseases.

Now that you know more than the 20 edible plants that we mentioned, we hope you incorporate them into your daily diet and start enjoying their benefits and many more if you grow them yourself and organically.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.