For some years now, the concept of organic or ecological agriculture has become more important in our country, this is due to the great applications, advantages and benefits that this new way of seeing agriculture can have. Today we want to give you a brief introduction to organic agriculture, we want you to know what it is about, its history, its most important characteristics and the advantages or disadvantages that this practice may have.
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What is organic or ecological agriculture?
What do we call organic agriculture? This is a very interesting question that many experts have asked themselves throughout history and that we seek to answer below:
The definition of organic, biological or ecological agriculture (as it is also often known) explains that this type of agriculture seeks to use all the natural resources at its disposal to make a style of agriculture without the participation of any type of chemicals and that not only take advantage of the environment, we also give something back to our nature.
One of the main objectives of organic farming is to reduce water pollution, environmental pollution and try to recover the nutrients necessary for the land to continue producing crops of the highest quality.
In a few words, the answer to the question What is organic or ecological agriculture? It can be understood as a system that seeks to better manage crop production in order to care for the health of the environment and biodiversity.
A bit of history about organic farming
The history of organic agriculture is extremely long and its beginnings can be found at the beginning of humanity. Our ancestors did not use chemical substances that could harm the environment, they used natural tools and techniques to enhance their crops.
Of course, what we know today as organic farming began to form part of humanity in the 1970s, taking into account a wide variety of writings that had been written years ago on different practices and proposals for different ways of seeing agriculture. organic agriculture.
What we understand today as organic agriculture goes beyond the simple use of nature as our ally, it also seeks to rely on technology to better understand and get more out of different important concepts involved in crops: the nutrition of soils, the specific needs of each plant, the different agricultural techniques available and much more.
Today there are many organizations around the world that seek to promote this type of agriculture and many of us farmers have decided to join a way of farming that takes into account the needs of plants and care for the environment.
Characteristics of organic agriculture
Some of the most interesting and relevant characteristics of organic agriculture may be the following (I invite you to read organic agriculture pdf to better understand everything related to this topic, its characteristics and much more):
- It is usually oriented mainly to the production process.
- No type of chemical substance (that includes pesticides) should be used during the cultivation process.
- Crop rotation is one of the most important techniques of regenerative organic agriculture, this helps much more to regenerate the land where it is planted.
- The soil is much more fertile.
- Renewable energies are often used (for example, water harvesting systems).
- The importance of the environment and its care is understood.
Advantages and disadvantages of organic farming
What are the advantages and disadvantages of organic farming? This is something that you are surely wondering and that we seek to answer as objectively as possible later on.
- Crops obtained from organic farming are more beneficial (and less harmful) to the health of those who consume them.
- We give back part of what we take from the environment, reducing environmental pollution and taking care of the biodiversity of the spaces where it is grown.
- The presence of pests is reduced, soil fertility increases, weeds are better controlled on the land.
- Expenditures on energy and some renewable resources are reduced. For example, by using water harvesting systems, the expenses on the monthly water bill can disappear.
- Jobs are generated in the locality where it is planted, the economy is boosted.
As there are many advantages of organic farming, there are also some disadvantages that must be taken into account when making a decision.
- The crops carried out in organic agriculture usually have a higher cost for the final consumer, this is because the production can be a little more expensive (in time and work). In the same way, it is important to clarify that by making intelligent use of the techniques and tools of organic farming, the costs and the difficulty of production can be greatly reduced.
- Care must be taken to prevent biological contaminants from becoming part of the production process. This usually happens normally in the production of organic fertilizers (for this reason we recommend you read carefully the other articles where we explain how to create quality organic fertilizer).
- More dedication is required. This is one of the great problems of society in recent years and it is that we prefer to harm the environment and even ourselves to obtain easy things. It is true that organic farming entails more work, but its results are much better for our health and that of our clients, in addition, we take care of the environment, therefore, in this case, the extra work is worth it.
You already know everything you need about organic agriculture and its benefits to enter this beautiful world, we recommend you continue looking at everything related to this beautiful practice that seeks to care for the environment, biodiversity and the health of all of us.